What is a Stakeholder?

Ruben Buijs

Founder & Digital Consultant

Written on Aug 10, 2023

3 minutes

Product Management

A stakeholder refers to any individual, group, or organization that has an interest or is affected by a product, project, or organization. They can have varying degrees of influence and involvement, making them an important consideration for product managers. Stakeholders can include customers, employees, investors, partners, suppliers, and even competitors.


To better understand the concept of stakeholders, let's consider a few examples:

  1. Customers: Customers are one of the key stakeholders for any product. Their needs, preferences, and feedback play a crucial role in shaping the product's features, usability, and overall success.
  2. Employees: Internal team members, such as developers, designers, and marketers, are also stakeholders. Their expertise, insights, and satisfaction are vital to the product's development and implementation.
  3. Investors: Investors who have invested their money in a product or organization have a vested interest in its success. Their expectations can influence decision-making and resource allocation.
  4. Partners: Business partners, such as suppliers, distributors, or co-creators, are stakeholders as well. Their collaboration and support can significantly impact the product's value proposition and market reach.


Understanding and managing stakeholders is crucial for successful product management. Here's why stakeholders matter:

  1. Alignment: Stakeholders often have different priorities, objectives, and expectations. Recognizing and addressing these differences helps ensure everyone is aligned towards a common goal, minimizing conflicts and maximizing collaboration.
  2. Influence: Stakeholders can have varying levels of influence over the product's direction and success. Recognizing influential stakeholders and actively engaging with them can help leverage their knowledge, resources, and support.
  3. User-Centricity: Stakeholders, especially customers, represent the voice of the end-users. By involving them in the product development process, product managers can create solutions that better meet the users' needs and preferences.
  4. Risk Management: Identifying and analyzing stakeholders helps in understanding potential risks and mitigating them effectively. By considering the interests and concerns of different stakeholders, product managers can anticipate and address potential challenges early on.

How to Use It

To effectively utilize the concept of stakeholders in product management, consider the following steps:

  1. Identify: Start by identifying the key stakeholders relevant to your product or project. Consider both internal and external stakeholders, and ensure you have a comprehensive list.
  2. Analyze: Understand the needs, motivations, and expectations of each stakeholder. Analyze their potential impact on the product and prioritize their interests accordingly.
  3. Engage: Actively engage with stakeholders by seeking their input, feedback, and involvement throughout the product development lifecycle. Regular communication and collaboration build trust and maintain alignment.
  4. Manage Expectations: Set clear expectations with stakeholders regarding the product's goals, timelines, and limitations. Regularly communicate updates and changes to manage their expectations effectively.
  5. Balance Interests: When dealing with conflicting stakeholder interests, make decisions based on a well-informed understanding of the potential impact on the product and its overall success.
  6. Monitor and Adapt: Continuously monitor and reassess stakeholder needs, interests, and dynamics. Adapt your strategies and plans accordingly to accommodate changes and evolving priorities.

Useful Tips

Consider these additional tips to enhance stakeholder management and engagement:

  • Prioritize Communication: Maintain open and transparent communication channels with stakeholders. Regularly update them on progress, involve them in decision-making, and actively listen to their concerns and suggestions.
  • Build Relationships: Invest time and effort in building strong relationships with stakeholders. This fosters trust, encourages collaboration, and increases their commitment to the product's success.
  • Empathy and Understanding: Put yourself in the shoes of different stakeholders to better understand their needs, perspectives, and challenges. This empathy helps in addressing their concerns more effectively.
  • Anticipate Resistance: Some stakeholders may resist change or be hesitant to embrace new ideas. Anticipate and address resistance by providing clear explanations, demonstrating benefits, and involving them in the process.
  • Regular Evaluation: Continuously evaluate and reassess the value and impact of each stakeholder. Adjust your engagement strategies accordingly to ensure their ongoing support and involvement.


A stakeholder is any individual or group that has an interest or is affected by a product or project.
Stakeholders can include customers, users, employees, investors, partners, suppliers, and any other entity with a vested interest in the product or project.
Stakeholder management is important because it helps ensure that the needs and expectations of all stakeholders are considered and addressed throughout the product development lifecycle.
Product managers are responsible for identifying stakeholders, understanding their needs, managing relationships, and effectively communicating with them to ensure their requirements are met.
Stakeholders can influence product decisions through their feedback, requirements, suggestions, and their ability to allocate resources or influence decision-making processes.
Conflicts among stakeholders can arise due to differing priorities, interests, or expectations. For example, a marketing team may prioritize product features that differ from what the development team believes is feasible within the given timeline.
Conflicts among stakeholders can be resolved through open and transparent communication, active listening, negotiation, compromise, and finding win-win solutions that address the concerns of all parties involved.
Stakeholder analysis is the process of identifying and assessing the interests, influence, and importance of stakeholders to understand their impact on the product or project.
Product managers can prioritize stakeholders' needs by considering their influence, impact on the product's success, and assessing the feasibility of meeting their requirements within the given constraints.
Actively engaging with stakeholders helps build trust, gather valuable insights, ensure alignment, manage risks, and increase the likelihood of successful product outcomes.

Article by

Ruben Buijs

Ruben is the founder of ProductLift. I employ a decade of consulting experience from Ernst & Young to maximize clients' ROI on new Tech developments. I now help companies build better products

Table of contents

  1. Examples
  2. Importance
  3. How to Use It
  4. Useful Tips
  5. Related Terms

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